RISE OF THE SAFAVI DYNASTY 251 mortalized in the odes of Horace.1 The Englishman landed a little to the north of Baku, and, proceeding to Shamakha, was fortunate enough to gain the friendship of Abdulla Khan, Prince of Shirwan3who is described as "being a prince of meane stature, and of a fierce countenance, richly apparelled with long garments of silke, and cloth of golde, imbroidered with pearles and stone : upon his head was a tolipane (turban) with a sharpe end standing upwards halfe a yard long ... and on the left side of his tolipane stood a plume of fethers, set in a trunke of gold richly inameled." Taking leave of Abdulla Khan, Jenkinson travelled to Ardebil, crossing the Kur and passing through "a fruitfull countrey, inhabited with pasturing people, which dwell in the Summer season upon mountaines, and in Winter they remooue into valleys without resorting to townes or any other habitation." At Ardebil he described the " sumptuous sepulchre in a faire Meskit" or mosque, of Ismail, the founder of the dynasty, but no details as to his onward journey are given, except that he travelled across mountains destitute of wood, and in the end reached Kazvin, which was then the capital. The Englishman's chances of success were much diminished by the fact that Tahmasp was at this time making arrangements to sell Bayazid to the Sultan. Jenkinson, however, obtained an audience and "thus comming before his maiestie with such reuerence as I thought meete to bee vsed, I deliuered the Queenes maiesties letters with my present, which he accepting, demaunded of me of what countrey of Franks I was, and what affaires I had there to do : vnto whom I answered that I was of the famous Citie of London within the noble realme of England, and that I was sent thither from the most excellent and gracious soueraigne Ladie Elizabeth, Queene of the sayd Realme, for to treate of friendship, and free passage of our merchants and people, 1 Non semper imbres nubibus hispidos Manant in agros, ant mare Caspium Vexant inaequales procellae Usque . . . Book II. Ode ix.